Gurlit and colleagues are pioneers in the prevention of postoperative delirium in Germany; their ground-breaking work has significantly contributed to delirium prevention in Germany (1). They have revealed key aspects of the management of geriatric patients with cognitive deficits in a general hospital: The longer duration of hospital stays among patients with postoperative delirium as a cost factor associated with complication-ridden hospital courses and lack of awareness of established delirium prevention methods among medical and nursing staff. We believe that the prevention and management of “abnormal behavior in patients with dementia“ (better referred to as Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia [BPSD]) is as important as the prevention of delirium (2). Given the demographic background of an increasing number of patients with dementia as a secondary diagnosis treated on somatic wards in general hospitals, we think it is essential to train, educate and support nursing and medical staff in the management of geriatric patients with cognitive impairments. For this reason, we at the Evangelisches Krankenhaus Königin Elisabeth Herzberge have—led by the nursing staff—developed a delirium/dementia management approach which is now sponsored by the Robert Bosch Foundation, too. In addition, an advanced training program to become a “Nursing Expert for People Suffering from Dementia” has been established in collaboration with the AOK Nord-Ost and the Evangelische Diakonieverein Zehlendorf e.V.
Only a complex approach to the situation of hospitalized people with dementia can lead to improvements in the care of these patients. For us, the idea of a dementia-sensitive hospital is an important goal to pursue; and the prevention of postoperative delirium is a first step on our way to reach it. This development could be fostered by adopting approaches of liaison psychiatry on somatic wards in general hospitals (3).
Prof. Dr. med. Torsten Kratz
Abteilung für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik
Evangelisches Krankenhaus Königin Elisabeth Herzberge, Berlin, firstname.lastname@example.org
Conflict of interest statement
Prof. Kratz has received lecture fees from Janssen-Cilag, Pfizer and Lilly.
Prof. Diefenbacher has received lecture fees from Janssen-Cilag.
Mr. Heinrich and Dipl.-Geront. Schlauß declare that no conflict of interest exists.
|1.||Gurlit S, Möllmann M: How to prevent perioperative delirium in the elderly? Z Gerontol Geriat 2008; 41: 447–52 CrossRef MEDLINE|
|2.||Kratz T: Nichtkognitive Störungen bei Demenz. In: Wallesch CW, Förstl H, eds.: Demenzen. 2nd editon 2012, Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York, 303–15, 349–51.|
|3.||Diefenbacher A: Psyche und Soma – was kann der Konsiliar- und Liaisonpsychiater beitragen? Neuropsychiatrie 2014; DOI 10.1007/s40211–014–0126–6 CrossRef|
|4.||Kratz T, Heinrich M, Schlauß E, Diefenbacher A: The prevention of postoperative delirium—a prospective intervention with psychogeriatric liaison on surgical wards in a general hospital. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2015; 112: 289–96 VOLLTEXT|