Pulmonary Bullae as an Indicator of an Elevated Risk of Renal Carcinoma
This 46-year-old woman had sustained spontaneous pneumothoraces on four separate occasions since the age of 19 because of multiple pulmonary bullae. Conditions considered in the differential diagnosis had included lymphangioleiomyomatosis and histiocytosis X. Independently of this problem, she consulted a dermatologist because she had noted increasing numbers of whitish “millet seeds,” 1-2 millimeters in diameter, on her face over the past 10 years. Histological examination revealed these to be fibrofolliculomata, which, in combination with the pulmonary bullae and spontaneous pneumothoraces, led to the suspected diagnosis of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS), a condition of autosomal dominant inheritance. The diagnosis was confirmed by the demonstration of a typical FLCN mutation (c.1285dupC). BHDS patients have a 15–20% lifetime risk of renal cancer; screening every six months is recommended, with MRI in alternation with ultrasonography.
Prof. Dr. med. Ortrud K. Steinlein, Interdisziplinäre BHDS-Sprechstunde, Institut für Humangenetik, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, firstname.lastname@example.org
Prof. Dr. med. Birgit Ertl-Wagner, Interdisziplinäre BHDS-Sprechstunde, Klinik und Poliklinik für Radiologie, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
PD Dr. med. Elke C. Sattler, Interdisziplinäre BHDS-Sprechstunde, Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Conflict of interest statement: The authors state that no conflict of interest exists.
Cite this as: Steinlein OK, Ertl-Wagner B, Sattler EC: Pulmonary bullae as an indicator of an elevated risk of renal carcinoma.
Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018; 115: 294. DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2018.0294
Translated from the original German by Ethan Taub, M.D.