Aortocaval Fistula After Fracture of an Aortobiiliac Stent for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
An 80-year-old man underwent endovascular treatment of a 5.5-cm infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (Figure a, arrow 1) by means of an aortobiiliac stent but did not attend for the planned regular postinterventional aftercare. Nine years after stent insertion he presented to our emergency department with extremely severe abdominal pain. In the arterial phase, computed tomography showed an extensive endoleak with a fracture of the stent at its cranial end (Figure b, arrow 2), with a hemodynamically significant fistula to the inferior vena cava (Figure a and b, arrow 3). Stent fracture with resulting reperfusion of the aneurysmal sac is a rare late complication after endovascular management of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. It may lead to rupture of the aneurysm or, very rarely, to an aortocaval fistula. The treatment of choice is the endovascular implantation of a covered stent in the defective stent graft to seal the endoleak. Endovascular closure of the aortocaval fistula was successful, but the patient suffered postoperative renal failure and hemodynamic instability, leading to his death.
PD Dr. med. Kai Nassenstein, Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen,
Dr. med. Ahmed Soliman, Prof. Dr. med. Johannes Hoffmann, Contilia Herz- und Gefäßzentrum, Klinik für Gefäßchirurgie und Phlebologie, Elisabeth-Krankenhaus Essen
Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare that no conflict of interest exists.
Translated from the original German by David Roseveare.
Cite this as: Nassenstein K, Soliman A, Hoffmann J: Aortocaval fistula after fracture of an aortobiiliac stent for abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Dtsch Arztebl Int 2019; 116: 452. DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2019.0452