LNSLNS

We robustly refute as entirely unfounded the criticisms expressed by the Association of German Temporary Employment Agencies (iGZ), which relates primarily to the demand for a separate analysis of the employment sector provision of employees (codes 78.2/78.3); which the iGZ terms temporary workers) and the placement of employees (78.1). The criticism can be countered with scientific arguments.

  • The German Federal Statistical Office’s classification system has a hierarchical structure (1). The large number of employment sectors at the third level of classification—272 groups in total—necessitated for us to subsume similar groups according to our objective.
  • The superior second classification level of the employment sector 78 (employment activities) includes the named three employment groups, which—in contrast to all other employment groups—are not derived from the type of occupational activity but the type of their employment contract.
  • According to the German Federal Statistical Office, only 3.6% of employees from employment sector 78 fall into employment sector group 78.1 (2). For this reason, the results for the two employment sector groups for provision of employees differ only to a minuscule degree from the results in our article when employment sector group placement of employees is additionally included.
  • Employment sector 78 was notable owing to its significantly raised risk of infection as estimated on the basis of hospital data (Table 2 in the long version of our analysis) (3). For this reason, we attempted on the basis of data regarding occupation to localize the actual risk area more precisely. We discussed the validity of the occupational data in the detailed explanation of the project (3).

In sum, our results, which are based on a large study population, provide indications of employment sectors and occupations with an increased risk of infection, which show scope for extended health and safety provisions in the workplace.

DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.m2021.0269

Matthias Möhner

Fachbereich Arbeit und Gesundheit, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Berlin, moehner.matthias@baua.bund.de

Andreas Wolik

Institut für Gesundheitssystemforschung, BARMER Hauptverwaltung, Wuppertal

Conflict of interest statement

Andreas Wolik is an employee of the BARMER Institute for Health System Research (Institut für Gesundheitssystemforschung).

Matthias Möhner declares that no conflict of interest exist.

1.
Statistisches Bundesamt: Klassifikation der Wirtschaftszweige. Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt, 2008.
2.
Statistisches Bundesamt: Erzeugerpreisindizes für Dienstleistungen: Informationen zum Preisindex – Vermittlung und Überlassung von Arbeitskräften (WZ 2008: 78). Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt, 2018.
3.
Möhner M, Wolik A: Berufs- und branchenbezogene Analyse des COVID-19-Risikos in Deutschland. Arbeitsmed Sozialmed Umweltmed 2021; 56: 29–34.
4.
Möhner M, Wolik A: Differences in COVID-19 risk between occupational groups and employment sectors in Germany. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2020; 117: 641–2 VOLLTEXT
1.Statistisches Bundesamt: Klassifikation der Wirtschaftszweige. Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt, 2008.
2.Statistisches Bundesamt: Erzeugerpreisindizes für Dienstleistungen: Informationen zum Preisindex – Vermittlung und Überlassung von Arbeitskräften (WZ 2008: 78). Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt, 2018.
3.Möhner M, Wolik A: Berufs- und branchenbezogene Analyse des COVID-19-Risikos in Deutschland. Arbeitsmed Sozialmed Umweltmed 2021; 56: 29–34.
4.Möhner M, Wolik A: Differences in COVID-19 risk between occupational groups and employment sectors in Germany. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2020; 117: 641–2 VOLLTEXT

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