DÄ internationalArchive12/2007Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome

Review article

Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome

Dtsch Arztebl 2007; 104(12): A-784

Stoohs, R A

For technical reasons, the English full text will be published approximately two weeks after the German print edition has been published.

1. Guilleminault C, Stoohs R, Clerk A, Cetel M, Maistros P: A cause of excessive daytime sleepiness. The upper airway resistance syndrome. Chest 1993; 104: 781–7. MEDLINE
2. Stoohs R, Guilleminault C: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or abnormal upper airway resistance during sleep? J Clin Neurophysiol 1990; 7: 83–92. MEDLINE
3. Stoohs R, Guilleminault C: Snoring during NREM sleep: respiratory timing, esophageal pressure and EEG arousal. Respiration Physiology 1991; 85: 151–67. MEDLINE
4. Friberg D, Gazelius B, Hokfelt T, Norlander B: Abnormal afferent nerve endings in the soft palatal mucosa of sleep apneics and habitual snorers. Regul Pept 1997; 71: 29–36. MEDLINE
5. Guilleminault C, Li K, Chen NH, Poyares D: Two-point palatal discrimination in patients with upper airway resistance syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and normal control subjects. Chest 2002; 122: 866–70. MEDLINE
6. Kimoff RJ, Cheong TH, Olha AE, Charbonneau M, Levy RD, Cosio MG, Gottfried SB: Mechanisms of apnea termination in obstructive sleep apnea. Role of chemoreceptor and mechanoreceptor stimuli. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994; 149: 707–14. MEDLINE
7. Guilleminault C, Stoohs R, Clerk A, Simmons JL: From obstructive sleep apnea syndrome to upper airway resistance syndrome: consistency of daytime sleepiness. Sleep 1992; 15: S13–6. MEDLINE
8. Gold AR, Marcus CL, Dipalo F, Gold MS: Upper airway collapsibility during sleep in upper airway resistance syndrome. Chest 2002; 121: 1531–40. MEDLINE
9. Young T, Palta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J, Weber S, Badr S: The occurrence of sleep-disordered breathing among middle-aged adults. N Engl J Med. 1993; 328: 1230–5. MEDLINE
10. Guilleminault C, Chowdhuri S: Upper airway resistance syndrome is a distinct syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000; 161: 1412–3. MEDLINE
11. Kristo DA, Lettieri CJ, Andrada T, Taylor Y, Eliasson AH: Silent upper airway resistance syndrome: prevalence in a mixed military population. Chest 2005; 127: 1654–7. MEDLINE
12. Gold AR, Dipalo F, Gold MS, O'Hearn D: The symptoms and signs of upper airway resistance syndrome: a link to the functional somatic syndromes. Chest 2003; 123: 87–95. MEDLINE
13. Guilleminault C, Palombini L, Poyares D, Chowdhury S: Chronic insomnia, post menopausal women, and SDB. Part 2: Comparison of non drug treatment trials in normal breathing and UARS post menopausal women complaining of insomnia. J Psychosomat Res 2002; 53: 617–23. MEDLINE
14. Guilleminault C, Faul JL, Stoohs R: Sleep-disordered breathing and hypotension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 164: 1242–7. MEDLINE
15. Guilleminault C, Kirisoglu C, Poyares D et al.: Upper airway resistance syndrome: a long-term outcome study. J Psychiatr Res 2006; 40: 273–9. MEDLINE
16. Stoohs RA, Dement WC: Snoring and sleep-related breathing abnormality during partial sleep deprivation. N Engl J Med. 1993; 328: 1279. MEDLINE
17. Kribbs NB, Pack AI, Kline LR et al.: Objective measurement of patterns of nasal CPAP use by patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1993; 147: 887–95. MEDLINE
18. Krieger J, Kurtz D, Petiau C, Sforza E, Trautmann D: Long-term compliance with CPAP therapy in obstructive sleep apnea and in snorers. Sleep 1996; 19: S136–43. MEDLINE
19. Krakow B, Melendrez D, Lee SA, Warner TD, Clark JO, Sklar D: Refractory insomnia and sleep-disordered breathing: a pilot study. Sleep Breath 2004; 8: 15–29. MEDLINE
20. Issa FG, Sullivan CE: Alcohol, snoring and sleep apnea. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1982; 45: 353–9. MEDLINE
21. Guilleminault C, Silvestri R, Mondini S, Coburn S: Aging and sleep apnea: action of benzodiazepine, acetazolamide, alcohol, and sleep deprivation in a healthy elderly group. J Gerontol 1984; 39: 655–61. MEDLINE
22. Loube DI, Andrada T, Shanmagum N et al.: Successful treatment of upper airway resistance syndrome with an oral appliance. Sleep Breathing 1998; 2: 98–101.
23. Frey WC, Pilcher J: Obstructive sleep-related breathing disorders in patients evaluated for bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 2003; 13: 676–83. MEDLINE
24. Guilleminault C, Li KK: Maxillomandibular expansion for the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing: preliminary result. Laryngoscope 2004; 114: 893–6. MEDLINE
25. Hörmann K, Verse T (Hrsg): Surgery for sleep-disordered breathing. Heidelberg, New York: Springer 2005.
e1. Exar EN, Collop NA: The upper airway resistance syndrome. Chest 1999; 115: 1127–39. MEDLINE
e2. Hein H, Raschke F, Kohler D, Mayer G, Peter JH, Rühle KH: Schlafbezogene Atmungsstörungen: Empfehlung zur Diagnostik und Therapie schlafbezogener Atmungsstörungen beim Erwachsenen. Pneumologie 2001; 55: 339–42. MEDLINE
e3. Edstrom L, Larsson H, Larsson L: Neurogenic efforts on the palatopharyngeal muscle in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: A muscle biopsy study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psych 1992; 55: 916–20. MEDLINE
e4. Petrof BJ, Hendrick JC, Pack AI: Does upper airway muscle injury trigger a vicious cycle in obstructive sleep apnea? A hypothesis. Sleep 1996; 19: 465–71. MEDLINE
e5. Gemeinsamer Bundes­aus­schuss. Beschluss über eine Änderung der Richtlinien zur Bewertung medizinischer Untersuchungs- und Behandlungsmethoden gemäß § 135 Abs. 1 des Fünften Buches Sozialgesetzbuch (BUB-Richtlinien) in Anlage A "Anerkannte Untersuchungs- und Behandlungsmethoden". Dtsch Arztebl 2005; 102: A455–6. VOLLTEXT
e6. AASM taskforce report: sleep-related breathing disorders in adults: recommendations for syndrome definition and measurement techniques in clinical research. Sleep 1999; 22: 667–89. MEDLINE
e7. American Sleep Disorders Association Atlas Task Force EEG arousals: Scoring rules and examples: A preliminary report from the Sleep Disorders Atlas Task Force of the American Sleep Disorders Association. Sleep 1992; 15: 173–84. MEDLINE
e8. Baisch A, Hein G, Gossler U, Maurer JT, Hormann K. [Finding the appropriate therapy with the help of sleep endoscopy] Laryngorhinootologie. 2005; 84: 833–7. MEDLINE
e9. Johns MW. A new method of measuring daytime sleepiness: the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Sleep 1991; 14: 540–5. MEDLINE
e10. Rauscher H, Formanek D, Zwick H: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure for nonapneic snoring? Chest 1995; 107: 58–61. MEDLINE
e11. Kelly J, Tarnoff M, Shikora S et al.: Best practice recommendations for surgical care in weight loss surgery. Obes Res 2005; 13: 227–33. MEDLINE
e12. Kushida CA, Morgenthaler TI, Littner MR et al.: American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Practice parameters for the treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea with oral appliances: an update for 2005. Sleep 2006; 29: 240–3. MEDLINE
e13. Pepin JL, Veale D, Mayer P, Bettega G, Wuyam B, Levy P: Critical analysis of the results of surgery in the treatment of snoring, upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Sleep 1996; 19(9 Suppl): S90–100. MEDLINE
e14. Seifert V. Wann ist der Chirurg gefragt? Therapie der Adipositas. Der Allgemeinarzt 2006; 28: 6–8.