DÄ internationalArchive42/2006Regional Disparities in Smoking among Adults in Germany

Original article

Regional Disparities in Smoking among Adults in Germany

Dtsch Arztebl 2006; 103(42): A-2784

Völzke, H; Neuhauser, H; Moebus, S; Baumert, J; Berger, K; Stang, A; Ellert, U; Werner, A; Döring, A

For technical reasons, the English full text will be published approximately two weeks after the German print edition has been published.

1. Leidl R: Wirtschaftliche Aspekte des Tabakrauchens. 2. Deutsche Konferenz für Tabakkontrolle. 2004; www.tabakkontrolle.de/pdf/Reiner_Leidl_04.pdf.
2. Lampert T, Burger M: Rauchgewohnheiten in Deutschland – Ergebnisse des telefonischen Bundes-Gesundheitssurveys 2003. [Smoking habits in Germany - results of the German National Telephone Health Survey 2003]. Gesundheitswesen 2004; 66: 511–7. MEDLINE
3. Helmert U, Buitkamp M: Die Veränderung des Rauchverhaltens in Deutschland von 1985 bis 2002. [Changes in smoking habits in Germany between 1985 and 2002]. Gesundheitswesen 2004; 66: 102–6. MEDLINE
4. Lampert T, Burger M: Verbreitung und Strukturen des Tabakkonsums in Deutschland [Distribution and patterns of tobacco consumption in Germany]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2005; 48:1231–41. MEDLINE
5. Molarius A, Parsons RW, Dobson AJ et al.: Trends in cigarette smoking in 36 populations from the early 1980s to the mid-1990s: findings from the WHO MONICA Project. Am J Public Health 2001; 91: 206–12. MEDLINE
6. Thefeld W, Stolzenberg H, Bellach BM: [The Federal Health Survey: response, composition of participants and non-responder analysis]. Gesundheitswesen 1999; 61 Spec No: S57–61. MEDLINE
7. Keil U, Liese AD, Hense HW, Filipiak B, Doring A, Stieber J, Lowel H: Classical risk factors and their impact on incident non-fatal and fatal myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality in southern Germany. Results from the MONICA Augsburg cohort study 1984–1992. Monitoring Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Diseases. Eur Heart J 1998; 19: 1197–207. MEDLINE
8. John U, Greiner B, Hensel E et al.: Study of Health In Pomerania (SHIP): a health examination survey in an east German region: objectives and design. Soz Praventivmed 2001; 46: 186–94. MEDLINE
9. Schmermund A, Mohlenkamp S, Stang A et al.: Assessment of clinically silent atherosclerotic disease and established and novel risk factors for predicting myocardial infarction and cardiac death in healthy middle-aged subjects: rationale and design of the Heinz Nixdorf RECALL Study. Risk Factors, Evaluation of Coronary Calcium and Lifestyle. Am Heart J 2002; 144: 212–8. MEDLINE
10. Stang A, Moebus S, Dragano N et al.: Baseline recruitment and analyses of nonresponse of the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study: identifiability of phone numbers as the major determinant of response. Eur J Epidemiol 2005; 20: 489–96. MEDLINE
11. D'après. United Nations World Population Prospectus 1990. New York: United Nations, 1991.
12. Junge B, Nagel M: Das Rauchverhalten in Deutschland. [Smoking behavior in Germany]. Gesundheitswesen 1999; 61 Spec No: S121–5. MEDLINE
13. Tyczynski JE, Bray F, Parkin DM: Lung cancer in Europe in 2000: epidemiology, prevention, and early detection. Lancet Oncol 2003; 4: 45–55. MEDLINE
14. Kannel WB: Update on the role of cigarette smoking in coronary artery disease. Am Heart J 1981; 101: 319–28. MEDLINE
15. Volzke H, Neuhauser H, Moebus S et al.: Urban-rural disparities in smoking behaviour in Germany. BMC Public Health 2006; 6: 146. MEDLINE
16. Kreyenfeld M: Fertility decisions in the FRG and GDR: an analysis with data from the German Fertility and Family Survey. Demographic Res 2004; Special Collection: 273–314.
17. Latza U, Hoffmann W, Terschuren C et al.: Rauchen als möglicher Confounder in epidemiologischen Studien: Standardisierung der Erhebung, Quantifizierung und Analyse. [Smoking as potential confounder in German epidemiological studies: standardization of assessment, quantification, and analysis]. Gesundheitswesen 2005; 67: 795–802. MEDLINE
18. Hoffmann W, Terschuren C, Holle R et al.: Zum Problem der Response in epidemiologischen Studien in Deutschland (Teil II). [The problem of response in epidemiologic studies in Germany (Part II)]. Gesundheitswesen 2004; 66: 482–91. MEDLINE