DÄ internationalArchiveReferences

Clinical Practice Guideline

The Prevention and Treatment of Obesity

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2014; 111: 705-13. DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2014.0705

Wirth, A; Wabitsch, M; Hauner, H

1. World Health Organization: Obesity – preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO Consultation on obesity. Technical Report Series 894. Geneva 2000.
2.Kurth BM: Erste Ergebnisse aus der „Studie zur Gesundheit Erwachsener in Deutschland” (DEGS). Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2012; 55: 980–90 CrossRef
3.Statistisches Bundesamt: Mikrozensus – Fragen zur Gesundheit – Körpermaße der Bevölkerung. 2011 [cited: 2013].
4.Bes-Rastrollo M, van Dam RM, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Li TY, Sampson LL, Hu FB: Prospective study of dietary energy density and weight gain in women. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 88: 769–77 MEDLINE PubMed Central
5.Sayon-Orea C, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Bes-Rastrollo M: Alcohol consumption and body weight: a systematic review. Nutr Rev 2011; 69: 419–31 MEDLINE CrossRef
6.Rosenheck R: Fast food consumption and increased caloric intake: a systematic review of a trajectory towards weight gain and obesity risk. Obes Rev 2008; 9: 535–47 MEDLINE CrossRef
7.Vartanian LR, Schwartz MB, Brownell KD: Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Public Health 2007; 97: 667–75 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
8.Donnelly JE, Blair SN, Jakicic JM, Manore MM, Rankin JW, Smith BK: American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: Appropriate physical activity intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2009; 41: 459–71 MEDLINE CrossRef
9.Witham MD, Avenell A: Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Age Ageing 2010; 39: 176–84 MEDLINE CrossRef
10.Astrup A, Grunwald GK, Melanson EL, Saris WH, Hill JO: The role of low-fat diets in body weight control: a meta-analysis of ad libitum dietary intervention studies. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2000; 24: 1545–52 CrossRef
11.Nordmann AJ, Nordmann A, Briel M, et al.: Effects of low-carbohydrate vs low-fat diets on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med 2006; 166: 285–93 MEDLINE CrossRef
12.Shai I, Schwarzfuchs D, Henkin Y, et al.: Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low-fat diet. N Engl J Med 2008; 359: 229–4 MEDLINE CrossRef
13.Sacks FM, Bray GA, Carey VJ, et al.: Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates. N Engl J Med 2009; 360: 859–73 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
14.Dansinger ML, Tatsioni A, Wong JB, Chung M, Balk EM: Meta-analysis: the effect of dietary counseling for weight loss. Ann Intern Med 2007; 147: 41–50 CrossRef
15.Schwingshackl L, Hoffmann G: Long-term effects of low-fat diets either low or high in protein on cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr J 2013; 12: 48 MEDLINE PubMed CentralCrossRef
16.Esposito K, Kastorini CM, Panagiotakos DB, Guigliano D: Mediterranean diet and weight loss: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2011; 9: 1–12 MEDLINE CrossRef
17.Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults – The Evidence Report: National Institutes of Health. Obes Res 1998; 6: 51–209.
18.Ismail, I, Keating SE, Baker MK, et al.: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of aerobic vs:resistance exercise training on visceral fat. Obes reviews 2012; 13: 68–91 MEDLINE CrossRef
19.McTiernan A, Sorensen B, Irwin ML, et al.: Exercise effect on weight and body fat in men and women. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007; 15: 1496–512 MEDLINE CrossRef
20.Slentz CA, Bateman LA, Willis LH, et al.: Effects of aerobic vs: resistance training on visceral and liver fat stores, liver enzymes, and insulin resistance by HOMA in overweight adults from STRRIDE AT/RT. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2011; 301: E1033-E9 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
21.Thorogood A, Mottillo S, Shimony A, et al.: Isolated aerobic exercise and weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Medicine 2011; 124: 747–55 MEDLINE CrossRef
22.Shaw G, Gennat H, O'Rourke P, Del Mar C: Exercise for overweight or obesity. Cochrane Date Base Syst Rev 2006; CD003817.
23.Göhner W, Schlatterer M, Seelig H, Frey I, Berg A, Fuchs R: Two-year follow-up of an interdisciplinary cognitive-behavioral intervention program for obese adults. J Psychol 2012; 146: 371–91 MEDLINE CrossRef
24.Anderson JW, Reynolds LR, Bush HM, Rinsky JL, Washnock C: Effect of a behavioral/nutritional intervention program on weight loss in obese adults: a randomized controlled trial. Postgrad Med 2011; 123: 205–13 MEDLINE CrossRef
25.Shaw K, O'Rourke P, Del MC, Kenardy J: Psychological interventions for overweight or obesity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005; CD003818 MEDLINE
26.Scholz GH, Flehming G, Scholz M, et al.: Evaluation des Selbsthilfeprogramms „Ich nehme ab“: Gewichtsverlust, Ernährungsmuster und Akzeptanz nach einjähriger beratergestützter Intervention bei übergerwichtigen Personen. Ernährungs-Umschau 2005; 52: 226–31.
27.Austel A, Podzuweit F, Tempelmann A, Stotz-Jonas B, Ellrott T: Evaluation eines tailorisierten computergestützten Gewichtsmanagementsprogramms mit 46.000 Teilnehmern. Obes Facts 2012; 5: 28–9.
28.Jebb SA, Ahern AL, Olson AD, et al.: Primary care referral to a commercial provider for weight loss treatment versus standard care: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2011; 378: 1485–92 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
29.Walle H, Becker C: LEAN-Studie II: 1-Jahresergebnisse eines ambulanten, ärztlich betreuten Ernährungskonzepts. Adipositas 2011; 1: 15–24.
30.Lagerstrom D, Berg A, Haas U, et al.: Das M.O.B.I.L.I.S.-
Schulungsprogramm: Bewegungstherapie und Lebensstilintervention bei Adipositas und diabetes. Diabet Aktuel 2013; 11: 5–11.
31.Bischoff SC, Damms-Machado A, et al.: Multicenter evaluation of an interdisciplinary 52-week weight loss program for obesity with regard to body weight, comorbidities and quality of life—
a prospective study. Int J Obes 2012; 36: 614–24 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
32.Sjöstrom L, Rissanen A, Andersen T, et al.: Randomised placebo-controlled trial of orlistat for weight loss and prevention of weight regain in obese patients. European Multicentre Orlistat Study Group. Lancet 1998; 352: 167–72 MEDLINE CrossRef
33.Monami M, Dicembrini I, Marchionni N, Rotella CM, Mannucci E: Effects of glucagon-like Peptide-1 receptor agonists on body weight: a meta-analysis. Exp Diabetes Res 2012; 2012: 672658 MEDLINE PubMed Central
34.Ohsiek S, Williams M: Psychological factors influencing weight loss maintenance: an integrative literature review. J Am Acad Nurse Pract 2011; 23: 592–601 MEDLINE CrossRef
35.Klem ML, Wing RR, McGuire MT, Seagle HM, Hill JO: A descriptive study of individuals successful at long-term maintenance of substantial weight loss. Am J Clin Nutr 1997; 66: 239–46 MEDLINE
36.Tate DF, Jeffery RW, Sherwood NE, Wing RR: Long-term weight losses associated with prescription of higher physical activitry goals: Are higher levels of physical activity protective against weight regain? Am J Clin Nutr 2007; 85: 954–9 MEDLINE
37.Hunter GR, Brock DW, Byrne NM, et al.: Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1-year following weight loss. Obesity 2010; 18: 690–5 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
38.Catenacci VA, Ogden LG, Stuht J, et al.: Physical activity patterns in the National Weight Control Registry. Obesity 2008; 16: 153–61 MEDLINE CrossRef
39.Toubro S, Astrup A: Randomised comparison of diets for
maintaining obese subjects' weight after major weight loss: ad lib, low fat, high carbohydrate diet v fixed energy intake. BMJ 1997; 314: 29–34 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
40.Anderson JW, Konz EC, Frederich RC, Wood CL: Long-term weight-loss maintenance: a meta-analysis of US studies. Am J Clin Nutr 2001; 74: 579–84 MEDLINE
e1.Johansson K, Neovius M, Hemmingsson E: Effects of anti-obesity drugs, diet, and exercise on weight-loss maintenance after a very-low-calorie diet or low-calorie diet: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 2014; 99: 14–23 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
e2.Butryn ML, Phelan S, Hill JO, Wing RR: Consistent self-monitoring of weight: a key component of successful weight loss maintenance. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007; 15: 3091–6 MEDLINE CrossRef
e3.Sjostrom L, Narbro K, Sjostrom CD, et al.: Effects of bariatric surgery on mortality in Swedish obese subjects. N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 741–52 MEDLINE CrossRef
e4.Dixon JB, Zimmet P, Alberti KG, Rubino F: Bariatric surgery: an IDF statement for obese Type 2 diabetes. Diabet Med 2011; 28: 628–42 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
e5.Schauer PR, Kashyap SR, Wolski K, et al.: Bariatric surgery versus intensive medical therapy in obese patients with diabetes. N Engl J Med 2012; 366: 1567–76 MEDLINE PubMed Central CrossRef
e6.Slater GH, Ren CJ, Siegel N, et al.: Serum fat-soluble vitamin deficiency and abnormal calcium metabolism after malabsorptive bariatric surgery. J Gastrointest Surg 2004; 8: 48–55 MEDLINE CrossRef