DÄ internationalArchiveReferences

Original article

The Risk of Bacterial Infection After Tattooing

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2016; 113: 665-71. DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2016.0665

Dieckmann, R; Boone, I; Brockmann, S O; Hammerl, J A; Kolb-Mäurer, A; Goebeler, M; Luch, A; Dahouk, S A

1.Kluger N: Epidemiology of tattoos in industrialized countries. Curr Probl Dermatol 2015; 48: 6–20 CrossRef MEDLINE
2.Laux P, Tralau T, Tentschert J, et al.: A medical-toxicological view of tattooing. Lancet 2016; 387: 395–402 CrossRef
3.Klügl I, Hiller KA, Landthaler M, Bäumler W: Incidence of health problems associated with tattooed skin: a nation-wide survey in German-speaking countries. Dermatology 2010; 221: 43–50 CrossRef MEDLINE
4.Kazandjieva J, Tsankov N: Tattoos: dermatological complications. Clin Dermatol 2007; 25: 375–82 CrossRef MEDLINE
5.Kluger N: Self-reported tattoo reactions in a cohort of 448 French tattooists. Int J Dermatol 2015; 55: 764–8 CrossRef MEDLINE
6.Liszewski W, Kream E, Helland S, Cavigli A, Lavin BC, Murina A: The demographics and rates of tattoo complications, regret, and unsafe tattooing practices: a cross-sectional study. Dermatol Surg 2015; 41: 1283–9 CrossRef MEDLINE
7.Schmidt A: Hygiene standards for tattooists. Curr Probl Dermatol 2015; 48: 223–7 CrossRef MEDLINE
8.Wenzel SM, Rittmann I, Landthaler M, Bäumler W: Adverse reactions after tattooing: review of the literature and comparison to results of a survey. Dermatology 2013; 226: 138–47 CrossRef MEDLINE
9.Mudedla S, Avendano EE, Raman G: Non-tuberculous mycobacterium skin infections after tattooing in healthy individuals: a systematic review of case reports. Dermatol Online J 2015; 21(6) MEDLINE
10. Conaglen PD, Laurenson IF, Sergeant A, Thorn SN, Rayner A, Stevenson J: Systematic review of tattoo-associated skin infection with rapidly growing mycobacteria and public health investigation of a cluster in Scotland, 2010. Eurosurveillance 2013; 18 CrossRef
11.Mathur DR, Sahoo A: Pseudomonas septicemia following tribal tatoo marks. Trop Geogr Med 1984; 36: 301–2 MEDLINE
12. Korman TM, Grayson ML, Turnidge JD: Polymicrobial septicaemia with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus pyogenes following traditional tattooing. J Infect 1997; 35: 203 CrossRef
13.Chowfin A, Potti A, Paul A, Carson P: Spinal epidural abscess after tattooing. Clin Infect Dis 1999; 29: 225–6 CrossRef MEDLINE
14.Satchithananda DK, Walsh J, Schofield PM: Bacterial endocarditis following repeated tattooing. Heart 2001; 85: 11–2 CrossRef PubMed Central
15.Porter CJW, Simcock JW, MacKinnon CA: Necrotising fasciitis and cellulitis after traditional Samoan tattooing: case reports. J Infect 2005; 50: 149–52 CrossRef MEDLINE
16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin infections among tattoo recipients— Ohio, Kentucky, and Vermont, 2004–2005. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2006; 55: 677–9 MEDLINE
17. Stemper ME, Brady JM, Qutaishat SS, et al.: Shift in staphylococcus aureus clone linked to an infected tattoo. Emerg Infect Dis 2006; 12: 1444–6 CrossRef MEDLINE PubMed Central
18. Tse D, Khan S, Clarke S: Bacterial endocarditis complicating body art. Int J Cardiol 2009; 133: e28–e9 CrossRef MEDLINE
19.Callejo RM, Nacinovich F, Prieto MA, et al.: Moraxella lacunata infective endocarditis after tattooing as confirmed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing from heart valve tissue. Clin Microbiol Newsl 2010; 32: 6–7 CrossRef
20.Chalmers D, Marietti S, Kim C: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in an adolescent. Urology 2010; 76: 1472–4 CrossRef MEDLINE
21.McLean M, D’Souza A: Life-threatening cellulitis after traditional Samoan tattooing. Aust N Z J Public Health 2011; 35: 27–9 CrossRef MEDLINE
22.Coulson A: Illegal tattoos complicated by staphylococcus infections: a North Carolina wound care and medical center experience. Wounds 2012; 24: 323–6 MEDLINE
23.Sears A, McLean M, Hingston D, Eddie B, Short P, Jones M: Cases of cutaneous diphtheria in New Zealand: implications for surveillance and management. N Z Med J 2012; 125: 64–71 MEDLINE
24.McGouran DC, Ng SK, Jones MR, Hingston D: A case of cutaneous diphtheria in New Zealand. N Z Med J 2012; 125: 93–5 MEDLINE
25. Wollina U: Severe adverse events related to tattooing: a retrospective analysis of 11 years. Indian J Dermatol 2012; 57: 439–43 CrossRef MEDLINE PubMed Central
26.Báez Sarría F, Rodríguez Collar TL, Santos VF: Tropical pyomyositis as a complication of a tattoo. Rev Cubana Med Mil 2013; 42: 417–22.
27.Elegino-Steffens DU, Layman C, Bacomo F, Hsue G: A case of severe septicemia following traditional Samoan tattooing. Hawaii J Med Public Health 2013; 72: 5–9 MEDLINE PubMed Central
28.Akkus NI, Mina GS, Fereidoon S, Rajpal S: Tattooing complicated by multivalvular bacterial endocarditis. Herz 2014; 39: 349–51 CrossRef MEDLINE
29. Kaldas V, Katta P, Trifinova I, Marino C, Sitnitskaya Y, Khanna S: Rare tattoo complication: Haemophilus influenzae sepsis in a teenager. Consultant 2014; 54: 289–91
30.Bourigault C, Corvec S, Brulet V, et al.: Outbreak of skin infections due to panton-valentine leukocidin-positive methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in a French prison in 2010–2011. PLoS Curr 2014; 6 CrossRef
31.Gulati S, Jain A, Sattari M: Tattooing: a potential novel risk factor for iliopsoas abscess. World J Clin Cases 2014; 2: 459–62 CrossRef MEDLINE PubMed Central
32. Orton CM, Norrington K, Alam H, Alonso-Gonzalez R, Gatzoulis M: The danger of wearing your heart on your sleeve. Int J Cardiol 2014; 175: e6–7 CrossRef MEDLINE
33. Rabbani S, Sharma TR: MRSA necrotizing pneumonia and peripheral septic thrombophlebitis. Consultant 2014; 54.
34.Diranzo García, J, Villodre Jiménez J, Zarzuela Sánchez V, Castillo Ruiperez L, Bru Pomer A: Skin abscess due to Serratia marcescens in an immunocompetent patient after receiving a tattoo. Case Rep Infect Dis 2015; 2015: 626917.
35.Jeong KY, Kim KS, Suh GJ, Kwon WY: Toxic shock syndrome following tattooing. Korean J Crit Care Med 2015; 30: 184–90 CrossRef
36. Maloberti A, Betelli M, Perego MR, Foresti S, Scarabelli G, Grassi G: A case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa commercial tattoo infection. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2015; (Epub ahead of print) MEDLINE
37.Mikkelsen CS, Holmgren HR, Arvesen KB, Jarjis RD, Gunnarsson GL: Severe scratcher-reaction: an unknown health hazard? Dermatology Reports 2015; 7: 9–11 CrossRef MEDLINE PubMed Central
38. Serup J, Hutton Carlsen K, Sepehri M: Tattoo complaints and complications: diagnosis and clinical spectrum. Curr Probl Dermatol: S. Karger AG 2015; 48–60 MEDLINE
e1.Frew JW, Nguyen RT: Tattoo-associated mycobacterial infections: an emerging public health issue. Med J Aust 2015; 203: 223 CrossRef MEDLINE
e2. Philips RC, Hunter-Ellul LA, Martin JE, Wilkerson MG: Mycobacterium fortuitum infection arising in a new tattoo. Dermatol Online J 2014; 20:10.
e3. Sousa PP, Cruz RC, Schettini AP, Westphal DC: Mycobacterium abscessus skin infection after tattooing—case report. An Bras Dermatol 2015; 90: 741–3 CrossRef MEDLINE PubMed Central
e4.Danford B, Weingartner J, Patel G: Rapidly growing mycobacterial infection following tattoo. J Am Acad Dermatol 2015; 72: AB129 CrossRef
e5.Reus H, van Buuren R: Kleurstoffen voor tatoeage en permanente make-up. Legislation report no ND COS 012. Inspectorate for Health Protection North, Ministry of Health 2001; 1–36.
e6.Charnock C: Colourants used for tattooing contaminated with bacteria. Tatoveringsløsninger forurenset av bakterier 2004; 124: 933–5.
e7.Droß A, Mildau G: Mikrobiologischer Status von Mitteln zum Tätowieren. Berichte zur Lebensmittelsicherheit 200, Bundesweiter Überwachungsplan 2007. Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit 2007: 2.
e8. Baumgartner A, Gautsch S: Hygienic-microbiological quality of tattoo- and permanent make-up colours. J Verbrauch Lebensm 2011; 6: 319–25 CrossRef
e9.Kluger N, Terru D, Godreuil S: Bacteriological and fungal survey of commercial tattoo inks used in daily practice in a tattoo parlour. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2011; 25: 1230–1 CrossRef MEDLINE
e10. Høgsberg T, Saunte DM, Frimodt-Møller N, Serup J: Microbial status and product labelling of 58 original tattoo inks. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2013; 27: 73–80 CrossRef MEDLINE
e11. Bonadonna L, Briancesco R, Coccia AM, et al.: Valutazione delle caratteristiche microbiologiche di inchiostri per tatuaggi in confezioni integre e dopo l’apertura. Microbiologica Medica 2014; 29: 6.
e12.Council of Europe: Resolution ResAP(2003)2 on tattoos and permanent make-up. Strasbourg, France, Council of Europe 2003.
e13. Council of Europe: Resolution ResAP(2008)1 on requirements and criteria for the safety of tattoos and permanent make-up (superseding resolution ResAP(2003)2 on tattoos and permanent make-up). Strasbourg, France, Council of Europe 2008.
e14. CEN: European committee for standardization CEN/TC 435—
Project committee tattooing services: Safe practice and hygiene requirements. https://standards.cen.eu/ (last accessed 15 August 2016).
e15.Liberati A, Altman DG, Tetzlaff J, et al.: The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: explanation and elaboration. Ital J Public Health 2009; 6: 354–91 CrossRef CrossRef CrossRef
e16.Vandenbroucke JP: In defense of case reports and case series. Ann Intern Med 2001; 134: 330–4 CrossRef