DÄ internationalArchiveReferences

Review article

Hematospermia—a Symptom With Many Possible Causes

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2017; 114: 186-91. DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2017.0186

Mathers, M J; Degener, S; Sperling, H; Roth, S

1.Zhang XR, Gu BJ, Xu YM, Chen R, Zhang J, Qiao Y: Transrectal ultrasonography-guided transperineal bilateral seminal vesicle puncture and continuous irrigation for the treatment of intractable hematospermia. Chin Med J (Engl) 2008; 121: 1052–4.
2.Yada B: On the study of hemospermia. Hinyokika Kiyo 1963; 9: 175–206 MEDLINE
3.Polito M, Giannubilo W, d‘Anzeo G, Muzzonigro G: Hematospermia: diagnosis and treatment. Arch Ital Urol Androl 2006; 78: 82–5 MEDLINE
4.Leary FJ, Aguilo JJ: Clinical significance of hematospermia. Mayo Clin Proc 1974; 49: 815–7 MEDLINE
5.Han M, Brannigan RE, Antenor JA, Roehl KA, Catalona WJ: Association of hemospermia with prostate cancer. J Urol 2004; 172: 2189–92 CrossRef
6.Mulhall JP, Albertsen PC: Hemospermia: diagnosis and management. Urology 1995; 46: 463–7 CrossRef
7.Kumar P, Kapoor S, Nargund V: Haematospermia—a systematic review. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2006; 88: 339–42 CrossRef MEDLINE PubMed Central
8.Leocadio DE, Stein BS: Hematospermia: etiological and management considerations. Int Urol Nephrol 2009; 41: 77–83 CrossRef MEDLINE
9.Zargooshi J, Nourizad S, Vaziri S, et al.: Hemospermia: long-term outcome in 165 patients. Int J Impot Res 2014; 26: 83–6 CrossRef MEDLINE
10.Abdelkhalek MA, Abdelshafy M, Elhelaly HA, El Nasr MK: Hemospermia after transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostatic biopsy: a prospective study. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 2012; 42: 63–70 CrossRef
11.Manoharan M, Ayyathurai R, Nieder AM, Soloway MS: Hemospermia following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy: a prospective study. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2007; 10: 283–7 CrossRef MEDLINE
12.Li BJ, Zhang C, Li K, et al.: Clinical analysis of the characterization of magnetic resonance imaging in 102 cases of refractory haematospermia. Andrology 2013; 1: 948–56 CrossRef MEDLINE
13.Finney G, Haynes AM, Cross P, Brenner P, Boyn A, Stricker P: Cross-sectional analysis of sexual function after prostate brachytherapy. Urology 2005; 66: 377–81 CrossRef MEDLINE
14.Ng YH, Seeley JP, Smith G: Haematospermia as a presenting symptom: outcomes of investigation in 300 men. Surgeon 2013; 11: 35–8 CrossRef MEDLINE
15.Ahmad I, Krishna NS: Hemospermia. J Urol 2007; 177: 1613–8 CrossRef MEDLINE
16.Kulchavenya E, Zhukova I, Kholtobin D: Spectrum of urogenital tuberculosis. J Infect Chemother 2013; 19: 880–3 CrossRef MEDLINE
17.Saito S: Posterior urethral hemangioma: one of the unknown causes of hematuria and/or hematospermia. Urology 2008; 71: 168.e11–4 CrossRef MEDLINE
18.Close CF, Yeo WW, Ramsay LE: The association between haemospermia and severe hypertension. Postgrad Med J 1991; 67: 157–8 CrossRef
19.Girolami A, Scarparo P, Candeo N, Sartori R, Scandellari R, Girolami B: Hemospermia in patients with congenital coagulation disorders: a study of three cases. Acta Haematol 2009; 121: 42–6 CrossRef MEDLINE
20.Emori Y, Sakugawa M, Niiya K, et al.: Life-threatening bleeding and acquired factor V deficiency associated with primary systemic amyloidosis. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2002; 13: 555–9 CrossRef MEDLINE
21.Marshall VF, Fuller NL: Hemospermia. J Urol 1983; 129: 377–8 MEDLINE
22.Kurkar A, Elderwy AA, Awad SM, Abulsorour S, Aboul-Ella HA, Altaher A: Hyperuricemia: a possible cause of hemospermia. Urology 2014; 84: 609–12 CrossRef MEDLINE
23.Fletcher MS, Herzberg Z, Pryor JP: The aetiology and investigation of haemospermia. Br J Urol 1981; 53: 669–71 CrossRef
24.Yagci C, Kupeli S, Tok C, Fitoz S, Baltaci S, Gogus O: Efficacy of transrectal ultrasonography in the evaluation of hematospermia. Clin Imaging 2004; 28: 286–90 CrossRef
25.Worischeck JH, Parra RO: Chronic hematospermia: assessment by transrectal ultrasound. Urology 1994; 43: 515–20 CrossRef
26.Prando A: Endorectal magnetic resonance imaging in persistent hemospermia. Int Braz J Urol 2008; 34: 171–7; discussion 7–9 CrossRef MEDLINE
27.Zhao H, Luo J, Wang D, et al.: The value of transrectal ultrasound in the diagnosis of hematospermia in a large cohort of patients. J
Androl 2012; 33: 897–903 CrossRef MEDLINE
28.Raviv G, Laufer M, Miki H: Hematospermia—the added value of transrectal ultrasound to clinical evaluation: is transrectal ultrasound necessary for evaluation of hematospermia? Clin Imaging 2013; 37: 913–6 CrossRef MEDLINE
29.Xing C, Zhou X, Xin L, et al.: Prospective trial comparing transrectal ultrasonography and transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy for persistent hematospermia. Int J Urol 2012; 19: 437–42 CrossRef MEDLINE
30.Akhter W, Khan F, Chinegwundoh F: Should every patient with hematospermia be investigated? A critical review. Cent European J Urol 2013; 66: 79–82 CrossRef MEDLINE PubMed Central
31.Brock M, von Bodman C, Palisaar J, Becker W, Martin-Seidel P, Noldus J: Detecting prostate cancer. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2015; 112: 605–11 VOLLTEXT
32.Tritschler S, Roosen A, Fullhase C, Stief CG, Rubben H: Urethral stricture: etiology, investigation and treatments. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2013; 110: 220–6 VOLLTEXT
33.Wilson C, Boyd K, Mohammed A, Little B: A single episode of haematospermia can be safely managed in the community. Int J Clin Pract 2010; 64: 1436–9 CrossRef MEDLINE
34.Yada B: On the study of hemospermia. Acta Urol Jpn 9 1989: 175–205.